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 "As for me, The Islam School is the best online source to learn Quran." 

—Numan Ahmed, Aberdeen, UK.

Tajweed Terminology

Terms

Meanings

Ta’awwudh

اعوذ باللہ من الشیطٰن الرجیم

I seek refuge in Allah from the rejected shaitaan.

Tasmia/Basmala

بسم اللہ الرحمٰن الرحیم

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

Tahqeeq/Mujawwad                

Style of Qur’an Recitation.

Tarteel/Murattal                       

Style of Qur’an Recitation.

Hukum (plural: ahkaam)         

Ruling

Ikhtilaaf

Difference (of opinion)

Hurf

A letter.

Huroof

Letters.

Al-Huroof Al-Qamariyyah      

The lunar letters.

Al-Huroof Al-Shamsiah     

The solar letters.

Harf-Al-Jarr                           

Preposition

Qaseer

Minimum

Taweel

Maximum

Al-Halq

The throat

Al-Lisaan

The tongue

Al-Jawf

The empty space in the mouth or throat

Shafataan

Two lips

Muraqqaq

Light

Mufakham

Heavy

Muqatta’at letters

Separate letters in the beginning of a few Surah.

Lahn

Mistake, i.e. The incorrect pronunciation of a letter.

Lahn e Jali

Big Mistake which is Haraam.

Lahn e Khafi

Hidden mistake.

Harakah

Short vowel (literally: movement)

Harakaat/Moments

Short vowels (Zabar, Zair and Paish).

Mutaharrik

Letter that carries vowel.

Fat’ha

Zabar (Short vowel marked by a small line written above the letter pronounced “a”).

Maftooh

A letter having Fat’ha.

Kasra

Zair (A short diagonal stroke written below a letter. It represents a short vowel ‚i‚.).

Maksoor

A letter having Kasra.

Dhamma

Paish, A small apostrophe-like shape written above a letter. It represents a short vowel ‚o‚ (like the ‚u‚ sound in ‚who‚ but only stretched for 1 count).

Madhmoom

A letter having Dhamma.

Tanween

Vowels that produce a "nn" sound immediately after it. In other words, it is Nunnation, duplication sound of letter “Noon”.

Fat’ha Tain

The two Fat’ha / Zabar.

Kasra Tain

The wo Kasra / Zair.

Dhamma Tain

The two Dhamma / Paish.

Sukoon

Vowellessness of a consonant/quiescent consonant.

Saakin

The letter having Sukoon (Vowelless/Quiescent).

Shaddah/Tashdeed

A small sign written above a letter. This represents a letter that has been doubled, and therefore sounds stronger.

Mushaddad

Doubled/hardened (a letter having Shaddah).

Madd

The prolongation or stretch of the sound of a vowel.

Makhraj

Place of origin/point of articulation of the letter sound

Sifaat ul Huroof

The manners of articulation (the characteristics of the letters and recitation).

Tafkheem

Also known as full mouth or thick letters. The elevation of the back of the tongue, resulting in a thick sound.

Tarqeeq

The Trilling/thin sound. The lowering of the back of the tongue, resulting in a flat sound.

Ghunnah

The Nasalization. The sound that is produced from the nose and the tongue is not used. The duration of the ghunnah sound is for 2 counts.

Izhar

To make apparent

Iqlaab

The Alteration of the letter.

Idghaam

The Assimilation of two letters.

Ikhfa

The hiding or concealment of the sound of a letter.

Tarteel

The measured recitation of the Quran in rhythmic tones.

Waqf

To pause or to make a stop by breaking off the breath at the end of the word.

Wasl

The opposite of waqf. The joining of verses / sentences without stopping.

Fasl

Separating of verses,  i.e: by making a stop between two verses.

Wasl e kul

The joining of Ta’awwudh, Tasmiyyah and an upcoming verse

Fasl e kul

Separating each verse from another by making waqf

Wasl e awwal Fasl e saani

Joining the first verse with the second one and disconnecting the second verse from third one, i.e: making waqf between second and third verse.

Fasl e awwal Wasl e saani

To separate the first verse from second one and joining second verse with third one.

 
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